The Principle of Space and the Space Count System:
Part of the Beginner's Chess Guide (Section 2)
How To Use A Space Advantage
By "correct use", we mean you must use the pieces "effectively" and, to do that, you need to place them in positions that best utilize their individual talents.
Knights can be highly effective
as "Advanced Assassins"
In the above scenario, with White's Rook keeping tabs on Black's Bishop, from a short distance; it's up to White's Knight to go on ahead, to try and destabilize Black's Pawn Structure, on the Queenside.
Attacking Pawn Structures
"Attack at the BASE of the structure".Once you capture the Pawn at the base of the structure, the remaining Pawns will be severely weakened and will fall much quicker.
Sometimes, as part of its role as an advanced attacking unit, the Knight may either remain in its advanced position, to provide support to attacks by your other pieces ...
Or, once its duty is done, the Knight may be used as a sacrifice, to draw one of the enemy pieces away from its defensive duties, to allow one of your pieces to complete some sort of mini objective - be it a capture, or a positional move that gains a greater foothold in enemy territory.
Bishops are most effective
on long, Open Diagonals
A Bishop is most effective, when placed on a square where it can observe the enemy's position, across a long, open, diagonal path.
The two longest diagonal paths, on a Chess Board are, naturally, those that stretch from one corner square to the other.
Using Algebraic Notation, the two longest diagonals are:
Rooks are most effective on long,
Open Ranks and/or Files
When placed on an Open File, a Rook is transformed from a useless lump - as it effectively is, when stuck in its corner - to a powerful menace ...
In addition, other pieces will think twice about crossing the clear, open path of a Rook, else face possible capture, at best; while, at worst, the piece would be captured AND grant the opposing Rook a better position on the Board.
A Queen's long-range ability should be
utilized to "Back-up" your other pieces
As for the Queen, where possible, she is LAST into battle, so you can better use her all-round strengths, when the game has opened up more and there are larger gaps, on both Diagonals and Straights, for her to operate.
That said, you can, by all means, use the Queen at any stage, as BACK-UP, to any assaults led by your Knights, Bishops and Rooks ...
Moving On: Gaining a Space Advantage in the Opening (Page 4).
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