« Back to the other Point Count Chess Examples

The Advanced Pawn
P-Q5 in the Ruy Lopez

Point Count Chess, NO.29, p50
Yates v. Rubinstein, 1922

In the Ruy Lopez, White's desire to push his d-Pawn into an Advanced position doesn't appear to be wrong; it just seems his error is in the decision to push it early, before making sure Black's dark-Bishop cannot apply a Pin against White's Nf3, which eventually leads to the loss of both of White's Center Pawns, and the game.

Beneath the ChessFlash viewer, you'll find my analysis of the position featured in Point Count Chess:
  1. PCC, p.50, No.29, after 10.d5
  2. Result of the P-Q5 in the Ruy Lopez.
  3. Summary of the P-Q5 in the Ruy Lopez.
  4. PGN

P-Q5 in the Ruy Lopez
My Analysis

Position #1, My Analysis
PCC, p.50, No.29, after 10.d5

After: 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 a6 4.Ba4 Nf6 5.O-O Be7 6.Re1 b5 7.Bb3 d6 8.c3 O-O 9.d4 Bg4 10.d5

Point Count Chess - IE - Diagram 29 - Page 50
After: 10.d5

1. The Ruy Lopez Opening and the Development phase

Point Count Chess - IE - Diagram 29 - The Advanced Pawn, P-Q5 in the Ruy Lopez, After 1.e4 to 3...a6
The Advanced Pawn,
P-Q5 in the Ruy Lopez,
After 1.e4 to 3...a6
After 1.e4 to 3...a6, the game opens with the Ruy Lopez, Morphy Defence (3...a7-a6).
Point Count Chess - IE - Diagram 29 - The Advanced Pawn, P-Q5 in the Ruy Lopez, After 4.Ba4 to 8.O-O
The Advanced Pawn,
P-Q5 in the Ruy Lopez,
After 4.Ba4 to 8.O-O
After 4.Ba4 to 8.O-O, the development phase continues ...

White's development: with the majority of White's moves focused on bringing his light-Bishop safely back to base camp (following its part in the Ruy Lopez opening).

The development of White's c-Pawn serves two purposes: first, it opens a diagonal path, should the Bb3 need to seek further refuge; and, second, it forms a support point, for the imminent advance of White's d-Pawn, to d4.

White also Castles Kingside (5.O-O) and brings his King Rook to the base of the e-file (6.Re1).

Black's development: besides chasing White's light-Bishop away with his b-Pawn (6...b5), Black also develops his Kingside Pieces (4...Ng8-f6 & 7...Bf8-e7), to enable Kingside Castling (8...O-O). In the middle of all that, Black's d-Pawn is pushed out one place (7...d7-d6), forming a Chain down to the Kingside (f7,d6,e5).

2. White's d-Pawn becomes an Advanced Pawn in a Weak Position

Point Count Chess - IE - Diagram 29 - The Advanced Pawn, P-Q5 in the Ruy Lopez, After 9.d4 Bg4
The Advanced Pawn,
P-Q5 in the Ruy Lopez,
After 9.d4 Bg4
After 9.d4 Bg4, White's d-Pawn makes the first of two successive moves to reach the Advanced position (9.d2-d4).

Black responds with a Relative Bishop Pin against White's Nf3 (9...Bc8-g4). This effectively removes White's Knight from the defence of the d-Pawn and its threat to Black's e5-Pawn.
H&M-S suggest that White played his d-Pawn too soon, and that he should have first sent his h-Pawn onto h3, so that Black wouldn't have been able to play the Pin .
Point Count Chess - IE - Diagram 29 - The Advanced Pawn, P-Q5 in the Ruy Lopez, After 10.d5
The Advanced Pawn,
P-Q5 in the Ruy Lopez,
After 10.d5
After 10.d5, White's d-Pawn becomes an Advanced Pawn, but it's in a weak position, as the Result reveals ...

[Jump to ChessFlash Viewer]

The Result of the P-Q5 in the Ruy Lopez...

Point Count Chess - IE - Diagram 29 - The Advanced Pawn, P-Q5 in the Ruy Lopez, After 10...Na5 11.Bc2
(RESULT) The Advanced Pawn,
P-Q5 in the Ruy Lopez,
After 10...Na5 11.Bc2
After 10...Na5 11.Bc2, Black's Queen Knight drives White's light-Bishop off the a2-g8 diagonal, removing its support from the Advanced d5-Pawn.
Point Count Chess - IE - Diagram 29 - The Advanced Pawn, P-Q5 in the Ruy Lopez, After 11...c6
(RESULT) The Advanced Pawn,
P-Q5 in the Ruy Lopez,
After 11...c6
After 11...c6, Black develops his c-Pawn (11...c7-c6) to attack White's Advanced d5-Pawn, and will soon capture it.
Point Count Chess - IE - Diagram 29 - The Advanced Pawn, P-Q5 in the Ruy Lopez, After 12.h3 Bxf3 13.Qxf3
(RESULT) The Advanced Pawn,
P-Q5 in the Ruy Lopez,
After 12.h3 Bxf3 13.Qxf3
After 12.h3 Bxf3 13.Qxf3, White attempts to drive away Black's light-Bishop, with his h-Pawn (12.h2-h3), but Black launches his Bishop into an exchange (12...Bg4xf3) that impacts on White's defence of his Advanced d5-Pawn ...

It has the desired effect, forcing White's Queen to complete the trade (13.Qd1xf3), which pulls her off the d-file, removing yet another defender from White's Advanced d5-Pawn. Black's c-Pawn is now primed to take it off the board.
Point Count Chess - IE - Diagram 29 - The Advanced Pawn, P-Q5 in the Ruy Lopez, After 13...cxd5 14.exd5
(RESULT) The Advanced Pawn,
P-Q5 in the Ruy Lopez,
After 13...cxd5 14.exd5
After 13...cxd5 14.exd5, Black's c-Pawn exchanges on d5 (13...c6xd5), with White's e-Pawn completing the trade (14.e4xd5).

White maintains an Advanced Pawn at d5, but Black now has the 2-v-1 Center Pawn advantage.
Point Count Chess - IE - Diagram 29 - The Advanced Pawn, P-Q5 in the Ruy Lopez, After 14...Nc4
(RESULT) The Advanced Pawn,
P-Q5 in the Ruy Lopez,
After 14...Nc4
After 14...Nc4, Black's Queen Knight makes certain that White cannot give his Advanced d5-Pawn any Pawn support, as it Blockades White's c-Pawn (14...Na5-c4).

From here, Black trades dark-Bishops (18...Be7-g5 » 19....Bg5xc1 20.Ra1xc1) and King Knights (20...Ne8-g7 21.Nf5xg7 Kg8xg7); then expands his army on the Kingside (22...f7-f5 » 24...e5-e4) ...

Point Count Chess - IE - Diagram 29 - The Advanced Pawn, P-Q5 in the Ruy Lopez, After 30...Rxd5
(RESULT) The Advanced Pawn,
P-Q5 in the Ruy Lopez,
After 30...Rxd5
Eventually, Black's Rook captures White's Advanced d5-Pawn (30...Rc5xd5). And Black still has his two Center Pawns, with the e-Pawn having been converted into an Advanced Pawn, just to rub salt into White's wounds, so to speak.

[Jump to ChessFlash Viewer]

Summary of the P-Q5 in the Ruy Lopez...

  1. In the Ruy Lopez, Morphy Defence (3...a7-a6), after further subsequent development, White has ambitions to push his d-Pawn into an Advanced position, at d5.

  2. Before playing d4-d5, White should play h2-h3, to prevent Black from Pinning his Nf3.

  3. If White fails to play h2-h3, first, and instead goes straight for the Advanced Pawn, he risks Black attacking the Pieces that defend the Advanced Pawn, driving them away from their defensive obligation (10...Nc6-a5 forced 11.Bb3-c2; 12...Bg4xf3 forced 13.Qd1xf3). With only the e-Pawn for protection, Black appears at liberty to trade his c-Pawn for White's original Advanced Pawn on d5. White's e-Pawn does take its place on d5, but it becomes an Advanced Pawn with insufficient protection, which eventually is also wiped off the board.

[Jump to ChessFlash Viewer]

PGN

[Event "Hastings "]
[Site "08"]
[Date "1922"]
[EventDate "?"]
[Round "?"]
[Result "0-1"]
[White "Frederick D Yates"]
[Black "Akiba Rubinstein"]
[ECO "C91"]
[WhiteElo "?"]
[BlackElo "?"]
[PlyCount "74"]

1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 a6 4.Ba4 Nf6 5.O-O Be7 6.Re1 b5 7.Bb3 d6 8.c3 O-O 9.d4 Bg4 {PCC p.50 No.29} 10.d5 Na5 11.Bc2 c6 12.h3 Bxf3 13.Qxf3 cxd5 14.exd5 Nc4 15.Nd2 Rc8 16.Nf1 g6 17.Ng3 Ne8 18.Nf5 Bg5 19.Qg4 Bxc1 20.Raxc1 Ng7 21.Nxg7 Kxg7 22.Rb1 f5 23.Qe2 Qg5 24.a4 e4 25.axb5 axb5 26.Ra1 Rf7 27.Kh1 Rc5 28.Red1 Nxb2 29.Rdb1 Nc4 30.Ra6 Rxd5 31.Rd1 Re5 32.Bb3 d5 33.Bxc4 bxc4 34.Rd6 f4 35.Qd2 e3 36.Qe2 f3 37.gxf3 Qh5 0-1

End.

« Back to the other Point Count Chess Examples