Chess Tournaments play a significant part of the modern game, as more and more people, all across the world, get the 'chess bug' and want to compete to find out "who's the best".
Like any, competitive, organized sport, Chess has its own hierarchy of localized tournaments held by Chess Federations of different countries, plus highly prestigeous, global tournaments, such as those held by World Chess governing body, FIDE.
In addition to Tournaments run by FIDE-member Chess Federations, there are also privately-organized, invitation-only events, which are often sponsored by businesses, or wealthy individuals.
There are reported to be 605 million people, throughout the world, who know how to play Chess ... Of those, about 7.5 million players are registered members of about 160 different, national chess federations.
Using the US and English Federations, as examples, here are typical tournaments you're likely to find in other countries ...
Formerly known as the British Chess Federation, the English Chess Federation continues to support Chess Tournaments from School level, all the way up to the British Championships.
A list of ECF events, held every year, include:
Bobby Fischer was the first person from the States to become World Chess Champion and, as a result, is probably one of the most widely known of American Chess players.
The following Tournaments are where the next generation of US Chess talent will emerge from:
For practical reasons and lack of language translation, it's an extremely limited selection; however, some resourceful person has listed Global Chess Federations, including their National Chess Tournaments, on this Wikipedia page.
FIDE's Tournaments are the Chess equivalent of what FIFA organize for football ... They're prestigeous events attracting competition from the top players throughout the World.
A couple of FIDE's major Tournaments include:
As mentioned at the begining of this page, there are Chess Tournaments organized by independent companies and individuals.
These are ultra-prestigeous events, with high prize funds, though usually they're "Invitation-only", where only the best are given a seat.
Two such Tournaments are: