Keyword Q&A
[ Chess Pieces Movement Guide ]


Keyword Query: Chess Pieces Movement Guide
Interpretation:
You're after a guide that shows how the individual Chess Pieces move about the Chessboard.

When experienced players refer to Chess "Pieces", they're usually referring to the Knights, Bishops, Rooks, Queens and Kings ... but NOT the Pawns.

However, as most beginners just lump them altogether and refer to them all as "Pieces", we'll show the movement for both Pawns and Pieces, here.

We'll kick of this Chess Pieces Movement Guide with the Pawns:


Pawns

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Movement of the Pawns
On their very first move, Pawns can advance either 1 or 2 squares.

Thereafter, a Pawn can only advance 1 square per turn.

As for capturing, Pawns can only capture diagonally, one square in front of them, to the left or right.

So, that's sorts out the Pawns, for this Chess Pieces Movement Guide - just remember, from now on Pieces refer to all material on the Chessboard, except Pawns.


Knights

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Movement of the Knights
Knights move in an L-shaped pattern and can move over the board, in that way, in any direction.

Capturing can only be achieved if the enemy target is sitting on a square, at the end of one of the Knight's L-shaped patterns.

Bishops

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Movement of the Bishops
Bishops can only move diagonally, along the single-color square they start the game on.

However, they can move to any square, along their available diagonals, providing their path isn't blocked.

Rooks

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Movement of the Rooks
A Rook can quickly switch places with their King, by 'Castling' ... Movement [1] shows White Castling Kingside; Movement [2] shows Black Castling Queenside.

Only Rooks and Kings can take part in Castling and it can only happen ONCE, for each side, in any game.

Rooks can reach from one side of the Chessboard, to the other, in a single turn, providing their path is clear.

Although, if their path is clear, as shown in Movement [6], a Rook doesn't have to leave its own territory, yet can still attack at the heart of the enemy's territory.

Rooks CANNOT move diagonally, which is why White's King had to move, to escape Check (see Movements [6] & [7].

Queens

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Movement of the Queens
Queens can move and capture along both the straights and the diagonals.

Providing their path is clear, they can get from one side of the Chessboard, to the other, in a single turn.

Kings

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Movement of the Kings
Like the Queen, the King can move in any direction.

However, like the Pawn, it is restricted to one square move, per turn. This is shown with Black's King (see Movements [2], [4] & [6]).

The exception is when 'Castling' ... This is a special move between Kings and Rooks, which allows them to switch about in a single turn.

Movement [1] shows the path being cleared for White to Castle Kingside.

Movement [3] shows the outcome of Kingside Castling.

And that concludes your Chess Pieces Movement Guide.


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