Chess Board Ranks and Files:
Part of the Beginner's Chess Guide (Section 1)

Chess Board
Ranks And Files
[Ranks]


Chess Board Ranks And Files - Ranks - Animated Chess Board Ranks And Files
Ranks
A Chess Board can be split, first of all, into a single group of 8 horizontal Rows. These are known as Ranks.

Using Algebraic Notation, each Rank is given a unique, numerical 'marker' ('tag', 'identifier', whatever you want to call it) ...

Starting from White's base and rising up to the back of Black camp, the Ranks are marked as:

  • Rank 1 ... (a1-h1)
  • Rank 2 ... (a2-h2)
  • Rank 3 ... (a3-h3)
  • Rank 4 ... (a4-h4)
  • Rank 5 ... (a5-h5)
  • Rank 6 ... (a6-h6)
  • Rank 7 ... (a7-h7)
  • Rank 8 ... (a8-h8)

« Back to the Chess Glossary (Rank)

Back Rank

Taking another look at the above image ...

Both sides have, what is known as, their own "Back Rank" and it's where the Kings and the more-important pieces - i.e. everything else, but NOT the Pawns - start each game.

  • White's Back Rank is all along the 1st Rank, from a1 to h1.

  • Black's Back Rank is all along the 8th Rank, from a8 to h8.
« Back to the Chess Glossary (Back Rank)

Moving On: Files (Page 3).



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