Chess Game Types: Part of the Beginner's Chess Guide (Section 2)
As a Game of Chess develops, during the Opening phase, you'll be faced with one of TWO distinct types of situations ...
Chess Game Types 1
- Open Game -
An Open Game is defined by lots of space, in the middle of the Board, for the pieces to move around more freely.
Bishops are better suited to Open Games. The reason for this is they're able to work - guard and patrol - their long diagonals ...
They can threaten the enemy from the relative safety of their own half of the Board and, should they find themselves in danger, in the enemy's half, the Bishops can quickly nip back down, along their diagonals and live to fight elsewhere.
In an Open Game situation, Knights are less influential on the Board, than Bishops ...
While a Knight takes 3-4 turns to cross from one side of the Board to the other; a Bishop, if its diagonal is totally clear, can sit at one end of the Board and threaten to capture any foe that steps into its line of sight - even at the furthest square away!
If you are in an Open Game situation - or recognize one developing; should it come to an exchange of pieces, your tactical plan will be to capture your opponent's Bishop(s), while at the same time, offloading your, now, less-influential Knight(s).
Chess Game Types 2
- Closed Game -
A Closed Game is defined by a lack of space, in the middle of the Board - the positioning of both armies is more claustrophobic, in nature.
Knights are the better option; they're much more suited to Closed Games. With their ability to jump over obstacles - other pieces, that is - a Knight isn't hampered by Pawns and other pieces blocking the diagonals.
Where the Bishops can become totally useless, in effect, by a Closed Game situation; the Knights take full advantage of their unique L-shape pattern of movement and, allied to their jumping credentials, they are able to hurdle any blockages and set about clearing paths for their own side to attack through.
So, should you recognize a Closed Game situation developing - or if you're stuck right in the middle of one - IF YOU CANNOT UNBLOCK THE CONGESTION, by other means, then you should prepare to sacrifice either one or, if it's really dire, both of your Bishops ...
When attempting to offload your Bishop(s), due to a Closed Game situation, your best tactic is to kill them off in exchange for your opponent's Knight(s) - that way, your Knights give you the advantage; while your opponent's Bishop(s) will, if all goes to plan, be severely restricted to their blocked diagonal paths.
A Quick Comparison
- Open vs. Closed -
If you've read the accounts of the two Chess Game Types, above, about both Open Games and Closed Game situations, you should be clearer about your options, as to how best to deal with the respective predicaments.
What we've got here, below, is a short video clip, which rotates between the two situations, so you can compare both from a single clip, rather than scrolling up and down the page to try and sort your mental images, for future recall ...
Oh and, before moving on to the next subject matter (in our Beginners Chess Guide), this is a cracking video that explains the difference between the two types - Open Game vs Closed Game.
From this guide about Chess Game Types,
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