Superior Development:
Part of the Advanced Beginner's Chess Guide (Section 1)

Superior Development
[Connected Major Pieces]

The following factors are to be considered when analyzing the board ...
  1. Point Count Chess: General Superior Development [+];
  2. Connected Major Pieces [+];
Note: "Connected Major Pieces" wasn't listed in the Point Count Table, in H&M-S's Point Count Chess book. However, I've added it here because of what I learnt about Connecting the Major Pieces, through Yasser Seirawan's Winning Chess series of books, and felt it worth adding.

2. Connected Major Pieces: [+]

The Major Pieces are the Rooks and Queen(s). At the beginning of each game, these pieces are separated by Knights (x2), Bishops (x2) and the King, as seen in Diagram 4, below.
Superior Development, Image 4, Advanced Beginners Chess Guide
Diagram 4: Both Army's Major Pieces,
separated by Knights, Bishops & King(s)
By themselves, and as shown in Diagram 5, below, each Rook can cover a potential of 14 squares, from one side of the board to the other (if unobstructed), while the Queen goes one better by also having the ability to travel the diagonals, thereby having the potential to cover a maximum of 27 squares (if unobstructed and on one of the four Center squares).
Superior Development, Image 5, Advanced Beginners Chess Guide
Diagram 5: Rook's 14 square potential;
Queen's 27 square potential.
Although this is, for the most part, a hypothetical potential, as there's usually Pawns and Pieces of both armies, getting in the way; your attacking potential - thus your ability to maximize your overall strategy - is greatly enhanced if you can clear the way to allow these heavy-hitters to work together.

If you take away the Queen's ability to move along the diagonals, you've essentially got a differently-formed Rook - technically, therefore, as soon as the Knights, Bishops, and King have been cleared from their starting positions (off the back-rank for the Knights and Bishops; Castled Kingside, to safety for the King), you've got the power of three Rooks to combine, so they can work together, interchangeably, as and when required.

But, of course, the fact that the Queen can move along the diagonals, makes these pieces an even more powerful force to be reckoned with.

Score a plus point when your Major Pieces are connected. But, keep in mind the "qualitative" aspect of the three pieces. For instance: if White has all three Pieces connected, but Black only has a Rook and Queen (see Diagram 6, below), or two Rooks, then White's connection is the superior, better quality connection, so White would score the plus point.
Superior Development, Image 6, Advanced Beginners Chess Guide
Diagram 6: White's Connected Major Pieces
are qualitatively superior to Black's.
An equal connection (e.g. Rooks and Queen, or the two Rooks are connected on both sides), then they both equalize and neither scores a plus point.

Moving On: Analysis Methods to determine Superior Development (Page 3).

Return to the Index of Advantages
← Back to the Chess Glossary (Superior Development)

← Back to the Chess Glossary (Connected Major Pieces)
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