Qualitative Pawn Majority:
Part of the Advanced Beginner's Chess Guide (Section 1) and the
Chess Strategies Guide (Section 2: Studying the Pawns)

# Qualitative Pawn MajorityPoint Count Chess: [+]

Point Count Chess, Examples
Qualitative Pawn Majority

 PCC, Pawn Majorities. Example #1 Two Against One (p27) Diagram NO.14 (Pawns) Two Against One In The Center Two Against One This is where one side has had one of their Center Pawns removed, while their opponent still retains both of theirs. The advantage, of "2 v. 1", lies in a number of long-term middlegame advantages that could potentially arise. The link below the image, left, redirects to the page: (Pawns) Two Against One In The Center.
 PCC, Pawn Majorities. Example #2 The Minority Attack (1 of 2) (p215-218) Diagram NO.152 Flohr v. Euwe, 1932 The Minority Attack (1 of 2) White gains a Pawn Minority on the Queenside (3-v-4), and so launches a Queenside Minority Attack. The attack gave Black a Weak Pawn Structure (Isolated Pawns on the Queenside). This example of the Minority Attack was first featured in H&M-S's analysis of the Half-open File.
 PCC, Pawn Majorities. Example #2 The Minority Attack (2 of 2) (p218) Diagram NO.153 Bogoljubov v. Capablanca, 1924 The Minority Attack (2 of 2) Black gains a Pawn Minority on the Queenside (3-v-4), and, like White did in No.152, Black launches a Queenside Minority Attack. The attack gave White a Weak Pawn Structure (a Backward b-Pawn). This example of the Minority Attack also first featured in H&M-S's analysis of the Half-open File.
 PCC, Pawn Majorities. Example #3 The Offside Majority (1 of 2) (p258-259) Diagram NO.182 Example Sequence The Offside Majority (1 of 2) White's Queenside Pawns are the Offside Majority, as they're on the opposite side of the board from the two adverse Kings. The plan for White is to force a Passed Pawn on the Queenside, which becomes a Decoy that threatens to gain Promotion. Black's King will be compelled to comes across to the Queenside, to deny White's Passed Pawn its chance of Promotion, but this will leave White's King free to remove Black's Kingside Pawns, and Promote his g-Pawn, for a game-winning advantage.
 PCC, Pawn Majorities. Example #3 The Offside Majority (2 of 2) (p259-260) Diagram NO.183 Eliskases v. Flohr, 1937 The Offside Majority (2 of 2) Black's Queenside Pawns are the Offside Majority, as they're on the opposite side of the board from the two adverse Kings. This example is a little more detailed, as Black must take care of necessary exchanges, in order to see that his Offside Pawn Majority can successfully force through a Passed Pawn. Like No.182, the Queenside Passed Pawn is but a "Decoy", designed to pull the enemy King away from the defence of his Kingside Pawns, so that Black can force through a second Passed Pawn, for a game-winning advantage.
 PCC, Pawn Majorities. Example #4 The Four-to-Three Wing (p261-262) Diagram NO.184A to NO.184B Kostic v. Gruenfeld, 1922 The Four-to-Three Wing H&M-S say that it's usually more difficult to break down the minority force of Pawns, when they number three or more (e.g. 4-v-3, 5-v-4). A Majority Wing has a better chance of creating a Passed Pawn, when the ratio is 3-v-2 or 2-v-1. In this example, White actually has a "Five-to-Four" Wing, stretching from his d5-Pawn on the Queenside, to the h2-Pawn on the Kingside. Black's Offside Pawn Majority plays a prominent role in White's "Five-to-Four" Wing being unsuccessful.
 PCC, Pawn Majorities. Example #5 Gaining the Offside Majority (p262-263) Diagram NO.185A to NO.185B Chajes v. Tarrasch, 1923 Gaining the Offside Majority Black gets the honor of gaining the Offside Majority, on the Queenside, which comes about from a King Pawn Opening (1.e2-e4). Also includes links to four other games that feature either White or Black gaining the Offside Majority. All occur on the Queenside, and come about from Queen Pawn Openings (1.d2-d4).
 PCC, Pawn Majorities. Example #6 Offside Majority v. Minority Attack (1 of 2) (p264-265) Diagram NO.186 Capablanca v. Villegas, 1914 Offside Majority v. Minority Attack (1 of 2) This example shows White succeeding with the Offside Pawn Majority, on the Queenside, versus Black's Minority Attack. The side with the Offside Pawn Majority, must keep it mobile; keep his c-Pawn ahead of its fellow Pawns in the Majority; and ensure the c-Pawn can reach its fourth rank unopposed, if it is to be successful (as it is, left). If the Offside Pawn Majority can be kept immobilized, the opponent can triumph with their Minority Attack, and the Half-open c-file that accompanies it.
 PCC, Pawn Majorities. Example #6 Offside Majority v. Minority Attack (2 of 2) (p265-266) Diagram NO.187 Marshall v. Capablanca, 1909 Offside Majority v. Minority Attack (2 of 2) This example shows Black succeeding with the Offside Pawn Majority, on the Queenside, versus White's Minority Attack. Like No.186, the guiding advice remains the same: the Offside Pawn Majority must be kept "mobile," if it is to succeed; the Minority Attack requires the Offside Pawn Majority to become "immobilized," if it is to succeed. H&M-S appear to hint at an alternative plan of action (advance through the Center), if the opposition's Offside Pawn Majority cannot be immobilized.