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Strong Outpost Station
Premature Occupation of an Outpost Station

NO. 35 ... p57, Euwe v. Bogoljubov, 1928

This example looks at disadvantages arising from sending a Piece to occupy your Outpost Station, too early.

In the sample game, Black sent his Knight to occupy his e4-Outpost, without noting the circumstances that would suggest it was too early to go there (see the Comparison, for more on this).

Beneath the ChessFlash viewer, you'll find my analysis of the position featured in Point Count Chess:
  1. PCC, p.57, No. 35, after 7...Ne4
  2. Result of Black's Premature Occupation of his e4-Outpost Station.
  3. PGN
Additional analysis includes the:

Premature Occupation of an Outpost Station
My Analysis

Position #1, My Analysis
PCC, p.57, No. 35, after 7...Ne4

After: 1.d4 d5 2.c4 e6 3.Nc3 Nf6 4.Nf3 Be7 5.Bf4 c6 6.e3 Nbd7 7.h3 Ne4

Point Count Chess - IE - Diagram 35 - Page 57
After: 7...Ne4

1. Black's e4-Outpost is created

Point Count Chess - IE - Diagram 35 - 1. Black's e4-Outpost is forming, After 1...d5 - No Highlights
Black's e4-Outpost is forming,
After: 1.d4 d5
Point Count Chess - IE - Diagram 35 - 1. Black's e4-Outpost is forming, After 1...d5
Black's e4-Outpost is forming,
After: 1.d4 d5

After the Queen Pawn Opening (1.d4 d5), from Black's perspective, White has removed one of the Pawns that would be able to keep a Black Piece out of the intended e4-Outpost, and Black's d-Pawn has moved to d5, to become the support point for e4-Outpost.

At present, White's f-Pawn (green square) is the one spanner-in-the-works, that could prevent Black occupying the intended e4-Outpost with a Piece.

But, then White goes and blocks the path of his f-Pawn ...

Point Count Chess - IE - Diagram 35 - Black's e4-Outpost is created, After 4.Nf3 - No Highlights
Black's e4-Outpost is created,
After: 4.Nf3
Point Count Chess - IE - Diagram 35 - Black's e4-Outpost is created, After 4.Nf3
Black's e4-Outpost is created,
After: 4.Nf3

Black effectively gains the e4-Outpost, when White's Kingside Knight blocks the possible advance of the f2-Pawn, muting the threat of f2-f3, to attack e4 *.

* This isn't a bad move by White, as it's a part of his natural development, (and remember, White does go on to win this game!). Nonetheless, it's where the e4-square becomes an Outpost, for Black.

2. Black Occupies his e4-Outpost

Point Count Chess - IE - Diagram 35 - Black gears up to occupy his e4-Outpost, After 4Nf3 - No Highlights
Black gears up to occupy
his e4-Outpost,
After: 4Nf3
Point Count Chess - IE - Diagram 35 - Black gears up to occupy his e4-Outpost, After 4Nf3
Black gears up to occupy
his e4-Outpost,
After: 4Nf3

Black's focus is now on occupying his e4-Outpost, with his Kingside Knight. And he appears content to post his Knight to his e4-Outpost (7...Nf6-e4), but not yet. First, Black completes three more positional objectives:

Black's Positional Objective #1:
Prior to occupying the e4-Outpost...
Clear Back Rank for Castling.

Point Count Chess - IE - Diagram 35 - Black's Positional Objective #1, Clear Back Rank for Castling, After 4...Be7 - No Highlights
Black's Positional Objective #1,
Clear Back Rank for Castling
After: 4...Be7
Point Count Chess - IE - Diagram 35 - Black's Positional Objective #1, Clear Back Rank for Castling, After 4...Be7
Black's Positional Objective #1,
Clear Back Rank for Castling,
After: 4...Be7

Black's Positional Objective #2:
Prior to occupying the e4-Outpost...
Reinforce the d5-Pawn (it supports the e4-Outpost).

Point Count Chess - IE - Diagram 35 - Black's Positional Objective #2, Reinforce the d5-Pawn, After 5...c6 - No Highlights
Black's Positional Objective #2,
Reinforce the d5-Pawn
After: 5...c6
Point Count Chess - IE - Diagram 35 - Black's Positional Objective #2, Reinforce the d5-Pawn, After 5...c6
Black's Positional Objective #2,
Reinforce the d5-Pawn,
After: 5...c6

Black's Positional Objective #3:
Prior to occupying the e4-Outpost...
Prepare replacement Knight for f6.

Point Count Chess - IE - Diagram 35 - Black's Positional Objective #3, Prepare replacement Knight for f6, After 6...Nbd7 - No Highlights
Black's Positional Objective #3,
Prepare replacement Knight for f6
After: 6...Nbd7
Point Count Chess - IE - Diagram 35 - Black's Positional Objective #3, Prepare replacement Knight for f6, After 6...Nbd7
Black's Positional Objective #3,
Prepare replacement Knight for f6,
After: 6...Nbd7

After those three positional moves have been completed, Black waits for White's next move (7.h2-h3), and then immediately launches his Knight onto the e4-Outpost ...

Point Count Chess - IE - Diagram 35 - Black's Knight (prematurely) Occupies his e4-Outpost, After 7...Ne4 - No Highlights
Black's Knight (prematurely) Occupies his e4-Outpost,
After: 7...Ne4
Point Count Chess - IE - Diagram 35 - Black's Knight (prematurely) Occupies his e4-Outpost, After 7...Ne4
Black's Knight (prematurely) Occupies his e4-Outpost,
After: 7...Ne4
Re: 7...Ne4, Tarrasch comments: "The decisive error."

So, now we need to analyse the result, to see why it was too early for Black's Knight occupy his e4-Outpost ...


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The Result of Black's Premature Occupation
of his e4-Outpost Station...

Immediately, White goes for an exchange of Knights (8.Nc3xe4):

Point Count Chess - IE - Diagram 35 - Result, White's Nc3 captures Black's Knight, on his e4-Outpost, After 8.Nxe4 - No Highlights
(RESULT) White's Nc3 captures Black's Knight, on his e4-Outpost,
After: 8.Nxe4
Point Count Chess - IE - Diagram 35 - Result, White's Nc3 captures Black's Knight, on his e4-Outpost, After 8.Nxe4
(RESULT) White's Nc3 captures Black's Knight, on his e4-Outpost,
After: 8.Nxe4

... which forces the only possible reply (8...d5xe4), giving Black the Doubled Pawns on the e-file:

Point Count Chess - IE - Diagram 35 - Result, Black ends up with Doubled e-Pawns, After 8...dxe4  - No Highlights
(RESULT) Black ends up
with Doubled e-Pawns,
After: 8...dxe4
Point Count Chess - IE - Diagram 35 - Result, Black ends up with Doubled e-Pawns, on his e4-Outpost, After 8...dxe4
(RESULT) Black ends up
with Doubled e-Pawns,
After: 8...dxe4

Siegbert Tarrasch (White), continued with his notes about the result of Black's premature occupation of his e4-Outpost, which is as follows (my notes are in blue, in addition to my analysis images):

Point Count Chess - IE - Diagram 35 - Result, Tarrasch comments on 7...Ne4 (Part 1 of 6), After 8...dxe4 - No Highlights
(RESULT) Tarrasch comments
on 7...Ne4 (Part 1 of 6),
After: 8...dxe4
Point Count Chess - IE - Diagram 35 - Result, Tarrasch comments on 7...Ne4 (Part 1 of 6), After 8...dxe4
(RESULT) Tarrasch comments
on 7...Ne4 (Part 1 of 6),
After: 8...dxe4
(Re: the image set, above), Tarrasch comments: "Black is left with a weak king pawn (e6) which requires protection..."

To defend the e6-Pawn will require tying down a Piece (e.g. Bc8, or Black's remaining Knight, from f8, once Castling has taken place).

If Black's f7-Pawn is called upon to recapture, it will weaken the Pawn defence surrounding (what will be) Black's Castled King, while also leaving the f-Pawn Weak, as it would then be an Isolated Pawn, on e6, and so would Black's e4-Pawn, albeit in a more dire situation, being in enemy territory, without defenders.
Point Count Chess - IE - Diagram 35 - Result, Tarrasch comments on 7...Ne4 (Part 2 of 6), After 8...dxe4 - No Highlights
(RESULT) Tarrasch comments
on 7...Ne4 (Part 2 of 6),
After: 8...dxe4
Point Count Chess - IE - Diagram 35 - Result, Tarrasch comments on 7...Ne4 (Part 2 of 6), After 8...dxe4
(RESULT) Tarrasch comments
on 7...Ne4 (Part 2 of 6),
After: 8...dxe4
(Re: the image set, above), Tarrasch comments: "If it (Black's e4-Pawn) is to be maintained permanently... P-KB4 (...f7-f5) must be played..."
Point Count Chess - IE - Diagram 35 - Result, Tarrasch comments on 7...Ne4 (Part 3 of 6), After 12...f5 - No Highlights
(RESULT) Tarrasch comments
on 7...Ne4 (Part 3 of 6),
After: 12...f5
Point Count Chess - IE - Diagram 35 - Result, Tarrasch comments on 7...Ne4 (Part 3 of 6), After 12...f5
(RESULT) Tarrasch comments
on 7...Ne4 (Part 3 of 6),
After: 12...f5
(Re: the image set, above), Tarrasch comments: "...but then P-B3 (f2-f3) renews the attack (on Black's e4-Pawn)..."
Point Count Chess - IE - Diagram 35 - Result, Tarrasch comments on 7...Ne4 (Part 4 of 6), After 16.f3 - No Highlights
(RESULT) Tarrasch comments
on 7...Ne4 (Part 4 of 6),
After: 16.f3
Point Count Chess - IE - Diagram 35 - Result, Tarrasch comments on 7...Ne4 (Part 4 of 6), After 16.f3
(RESULT) Tarrasch comments
on 7...Ne4 (Part 4 of 6),
After: 16.f3
(Re: the image set, above), Tarrasch comments: "Black must capture (...e4xf3)..."
Point Count Chess - IE - Diagram 35 - Result, Tarrasch comments on 7...Ne4 (Part 5 of 6), After 16...exf3 17.gxf3 - No Highlights
(RESULT) Tarrasch comments
on 7...Ne4 (Part 5 of 6),
After: 16...exf3 17.gxf3
Point Count Chess - IE - Diagram 35 - Result, Tarrasch comments on 7...Ne4 (Part 5 of 6), After 16...exf3 17.gxf3
(RESULT) Tarrasch comments
on 7...Ne4 (Part 5 of 6),
After: 16...exf3 17.gxf3
(Re: the image set, above), Tarrasch comments: "...whereupon the king knight file (g-file) is opened for White (Half-Open File, benefiting White and his Rooks)..."
Point Count Chess - IE - Diagram 35 - Result, Tarrasch comments on 7...Ne4 (Part 6 of 6), After 1.x - No Highlights
(RESULT) Tarrasch comments
on 7...Ne4 (Part 6 of 6),
After: 17.gxf3
Point Count Chess - IE - Diagram 35 - Result, Tarrasch comments on 7...Ne4 (Part 6 of 6), After 23.Qh4
(RESULT) Tarrasch comments
on 7...Ne4 (Part 6 of 6),
After: 18.Rg1 → 19.Rd2
→ 20.Rdg2 → 21.Qf2
→ 22.Rg5 → 23.Qh4
(Re: the image set, above), Tarrasch comments: "The result is a combined and irresistible attack with both rooks, queen, and queen bishop against KN7 (g7)."

Comparison
Example 10 (PCC, No. 34, Strong Pawn Occupying Outpost) vs.
Example 11 (PCC, No. 35, Premature Occupation of Outpost)...

The following analysis helps to identify what makes the difference in the position that allows a more-menacing Pawn to occupy the Outpost, versus Premature Occupation of the Outpost.

The differences are significant, as they effect the viability of the present Outposts, and their ability to contribute to your future success (H&M-S revealed three comparisons, in total, which I've noted, below)...

Comparison #1: Position of the Queen-Bishops

Point Count Chess - IE - Diagram 34 vs 35 - Comparison 1, Position of the Queen-Bishops, After 7...Ne4
(COMPARISON 1)
Black's Queen-Bishop
has Restricted Mobility
Example 10, No. 34
After: 11.Ne5
Point Count Chess - IE - Diagram 34 vs 35 - Comparison 1, Position of the Queen-Bishops, After 7...Ne4
(COMPARISON 1)
White's Queen-Bishop
has Greater Mobility
Example 11, No. 35
After: 7...Ne4

Comparison #2: Access to the Q4 squares (d4/d5)

Point Count Chess - IE - Diagram 34 vs 35 - Comparison 2, Access to the Q4 squares (d4/d5), After 7...Ne4
(COMPARISON 2)
Black denied access to
his Q4 square (d5)
Example 10, No. 34
After: 11.Ne5
Point Count Chess - IE - Diagram 34 vs 35 - Comparison 2, Access to the Q4 squares (d4/d5), After 7...Ne4
(COMPARISON 2)
White gets access to
his Q4 square (d4)
Example 11, No. 35
After: 7...Ne4

Comparison #3: Castling has / hasn't occurred

Point Count Chess - IE - Diagram 34 vs 35 - Comparison 3, Castling has / hasn't occurred, After 7...Ne4
(COMPARISON 3)
Castling has occurred
Example 10, No. 34
After: 11.Ne5
Point Count Chess - IE - Diagram 34 vs 35 - Comparison 3, Castling has / hasn't occurred, After 7...Ne4
(COMPARISON 3)
Castling hasn't occurred
Example 11, No. 35
After: 7...Ne4

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PGN

[Event "Leipzig"]
[Site "Leipzig"]
[Date "1894"]
[EventDate "?"]
[Round "?"]
[Result "1-0"]
[White "Siegbert Tarrasch"]
[Black "Theodor Von Scheve"]
[ECO "D37"]
[WhiteElo "?"]
[BlackElo "?"]
[PlyCount "59"]

1.d4 d5 2.c4 e6 3.Nc3 Nf6 4.Nf3 Be7 5.Bf4 c6 6.e3 Nbd7 7.h3 Ne4 {PCC p.57 No. 35} 8.Nxe4 dxe4 9.Nd2 Bb4 10.a3 Bxd2+ 11.Qxd2 O-O 12.Qc2 f5 13.Bd6 Re8 14.O-O-O Nf6 15.Be5 Bd7 16.f3 exf3 17.gxf3 b5 18.Rg1 Rf8 19.Rd2 Rf7 20.Rdg2 a5 21.Qf2 Ne8 22.Rg5 Qe7 23.Qh4 Nf6 24.Qh6 Ra7 25.Bd6 Qxd6 26.Rxg7+ Kf8 27.Rxh7+ Ke7 28.Rxf7+ Kxf7 29.Rg7+ Ke8 30.Qxf6 1-0

End.

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