Perpetual Stalemates:
Part of the Chess Endgame Guide (Section 2: Stalemate)

Chess Endgame Guide
Perpetual Stalemates
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Chess Endgame Guide - Teaser - Perpetual StalematesBoth of these situations can help to force a Stalemate - it saves time, otherwise spent having to whittle your army down to just the King, aiming for the 50 Move Rule.

Both Perpetual Pursuits and Perpetual Checks bring about a Draw via the Three-time Repetition of Position Rule.

Perpetual Stalemates Index

Stalemate by Perpetual Pursuit:
  1. Introduction (page 1)
    With these types of pursuits, the repetitive attacks are against one of the enemy's other pieces - not the King.

  2. Perpetual Pursuit, Example 1 (page 2)
    Perpetual Pursuit, Teaser, Example 1.Black's Bishop works to salvage a Draw to prevent White's h-Pawn from gaining promotion.

    The red squares highlight the White King's repetitive moves; the green squares highlight the Black Bishop's repetitive moves.

  3. Perpetual Pursuit, Example 2 (page 3)
    Perpetual Pursuit, Teaser, Example 2.This example is virtually identical to Example 1 (above). It's a mirrored-situation of an actual study, into the 'art' of the Perpetual Pursuit, by Shakhmaty Birnov in 1928.

    The red squares highlight the White King's repetitive moves; the green squares highlight the Black Bishop's repetitive moves.

  4. Perpetual Pursuit, Example 3 (page 4)
    Perpetual Pursuit, Teaser, Example 3.This example shows White's Queen and a Black Rook making the same, repetitive moves, three times in a row, resulting in Stalemate.

    The red squares highlight the White Queen's repetitive moves; the green squares highlight the Black Rook's repetitive moves.

Stalemate by Perpetual Check:
  1. Introduction (page 1)
    Similar to the standard Pursuits, except the losing player salvages a draw by checking the enemy's King, while that King will be able to keep on escaping. But, owing to the positioning of the pieces, the same pattern of movement repeats itself and on the third repetition, in a row, Stalemate is instantly declared.

  2. Perpetual Check, Example 1 (page 2)
    Perpetual Check, Teaser, Example 1.Black's King keeps evading the repeated checks from White's Queen, to earn a Draw.

    The red squares highlight the White Queen's repetitive moves; the green squares highlight the Black King's repetitive moves.

  3. Perpetual Check, Example 2 (page 3)
    Perpetual Check, Teaser, Example 2.Black's Queen makes the checks, while White's King keeps escaping. The repeated moves will bring about Stalemate by three-time repetition of position.

    The red squares highlight the White King's repetitive moves; the green squares highlight the Black Queen's repetitive moves.

  4. Perpetual Check, Example 3 (page 4)
    Perpetual Check, Teaser, Example 3.In this example, it's Black who will benefit from the Drawn game. White currently has a material advantage and is one move away from getting Black's Knight (Qh7xe7). Black's salvation is the Perpetual Check.

    The red squares highlight the White King's repetitive moves; the green squares highlight the Black Queen's repetitive moves.



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