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The Isolated Pawn
The Role of the Initiative (2 of 2)

Point Count Chess, NO.77, p111
Eliskases v. Landau, 1938

In this example, White's e-Pawn becomes the Isolated Pawn, on the d-file.

Following on from No.76, it's another example of how White's Superior Development enables him to pick his own battleground and initiate his tactical threats, despite incurring the Isolated Pawn, on the d-file.

White then maintains the Initiative, by attacking Black with a string of tactical threats, en route to victory.

Beneath the ChessFlash viewer, you'll find my analysis of the position featured in Point Count Chess:
  1. PCC, p.111, No.77, after 20...Bd7
  2. Result of the Role of the Initiative (2 of 2).
  3. Summary of the Role of the Initiative (2 of 2).
  4. PGN

The Role of the Initiative (2 of 2)
My Analysis

Position #1, My Analysis
PCC, p.111, No.77, after 20...Bd7

After: 1.d4 d5 2.c4 e6 3.Nc3 Nf6 4.Bg5 Be7 5.e3 O-O 6.Nf3 Nbd7 7.Qc2 c6 8.Rd1 a6 9.a3 Re8 10.Bd3 dxc4 11.Bxc4 Nd5 12.Bxe7 Qxe7 13.Ne4 N5f6 14.Bd3 Nxe4 15.Bxe4 h6 16.O-O c5 17.Rc1 cxd4 18.exd4 Nf6 19.Ne5 Rb8 20.Bf3 Bd7

Point Count Chess - IE - Diagram 77 - Page 111
After: 20...Bd7

1. How White's e-Pawn becomes the Isolated Pawn, on the d-file

Point Count Chess - IE - Diagram 77 - The Isolated Pawn, The Role of the Initiative (2 of 2), After 1.d4 to 5.e3
The Isolated Pawn,
The Role of the Initiative (2 of 2),
After 1.d4 to 5.e3
After 1.d4 to 5.e3, we see both the familiar tension between Black's d-Pawn (1...d7-d5) and White's c-Pawn (2.c2-c4) and also White's e-Pawn (5.e2-e3) supporting the d-Pawn (1.d2-d4), which in turn clears the path for White's light-Bishop (Bf1) to be ready to complete the exchange of Pawns, on c4.
Point Count Chess - IE - Diagram 77 - The Isolated Pawn, The Role of the Initiative (2 of 2), After 5...O-O to 10.Bd3
The Isolated Pawn,
The Role of the Initiative (2 of 2),
After 5...O-O to 10.Bd3
After 5...O-O to 10.Bd3, we reach the point just before Black's d5-Pawn captures White's c4-Pawn.

Black has already Castled Kingside (5...O-O), after which White forms his Queen (7.Qd1-c2) and light-Bishop (10.Bf1-d3) into Battery formation, attacking Black's vulnerable h7-square and the Pawn that occupies it.
Point Count Chess - IE - Diagram 77 - The Isolated Pawn, The Role of the Initiative (2 of 2), After 10...dxc4 11.Bxc4
The Isolated Pawn,
The Role of the Initiative (2 of 2),
After 10...dxc4 11.Bxc4
After 10...dxc4 11.Bxc4, Black's d5-Pawn breaks the tension to exchange Pawns on c4 (10...d5xc4), with the trade being completed by White's light-Bishop (11.Bf1xc4).
This Pawn exchange leaves White with the advantage of Pawn on the 4th v. Pawn on the 3rd, with Black's e6-Pawn being in the disadvantaged position.
Point Count Chess - IE - Diagram 77 - The Isolated Pawn, The Role of the Initiative (2 of 2), After 11...Nd5 to 15.Bxe4
The Isolated Pawn,
The Role of the Initiative (2 of 2),
After 11...Nd5 to 15.Bxe4
After 11...Nd5 to 15.Bxe4, Black encourages the swap of dark-Bishops (11...Nf6-d5 12.Bg5xe7 Qd8xe7) and one set of adverse Knights (13.Nc3-e4 Nd5-f6 14.Bc4-d3 Nf6xe4 15.Bd3xe4).

White's 4th v. 3rd advantage is further enhanced, now.
Point Count Chess - IE - Diagram 77 - The Isolated Pawn, The Role of the Initiative (2 of 2), After 15...h6
The Isolated Pawn,
The Role of the Initiative (2 of 2),
After 15...h6
After 15...h6, Black is forced to weaken his King's Stronghold, by advancing his h-Pawn (15...h7-h6) to prevent White coordinating his Nf3 with his Queen-Bishop Battery, for a Mating attack at h7.
Point Count Chess - IE - Diagram 77 - The Isolated Pawn, The Role of the Initiative (2 of 2), After 16.O-O c5
The Isolated Pawn,
The Role of the Initiative (2 of 2),
After 16.O-O c5
After 16.O-O c5, Black c-Pawn attacks White's d4-Pawn, after White Castles Kingside (16.O-O c5).

This will lead to White's e-Pawn becoming Isolated, on the d-file.
Point Count Chess - IE - Diagram 77 - The Isolated Pawn, The Role of the Initiative (2 of 2), After 17.Rc1 cxd4 18.exd4
The Isolated Pawn,
The Role of the Initiative (2 of 2),
After 17.Rc1 cxd4 18.exd4
After 17.Rc1 cxd4 18.exd4, Black's c-Pawn forces the exchange of Pawns on d4, leaving White's e-Pawn Isolated, on the d-file.

White forms a Battery on the c-file, with his Rook sliding behind its Queen (17.Rd1-c1), in anticipation of the c-file becoming Open.

Black's c-Pawn then captures White's d4-Pawn (17...c5xd4), causing White's e-Pawn to become the Isolated Pawn, as it completes the Pawn exchange, on d4 (18.e3xd4).

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The Result of the Role of the Initiative (2 of 2)...

2. White's Superior Development strengthens White's Isolated Pawn

Point Count Chess - IE - Diagram 77 - (RESULT) The Isolated Pawn, The Role of the Initiative (2 of 2), After 18.exd4
(RESULT) The Isolated Pawn,
The Role of the Initiative (2 of 2),
After 18.exd4
After 18.exd4, at the point when White's e-Pawn becomes Isolated on the d-file (18.e3xd4), White has the Superior Development, made up of a mixture of his own positional advantages, in addition to inferior and weak positions of certain Black units ...
White's Advantages that contribute to his Superior Development:
Black's Weaknesses enhance White's Superior Development:

So, White's Superior Development gives him the Initiative, which should enable him to initiate his tactical threats. White's task now is to maintain the Initiative ...

3. White maintains the Initiative, to ensure success, despite having incurred his Isolated Pawn

Initiative 1
Point Count Chess - IE - Diagram 77 - (RESULT) The Isolated Pawn, The Role of the Initiative (2 of 2), After 19.Ne5
(RESULT) The Isolated Pawn,
The Role of the Initiative (2 of 2),
After 19.Ne5
After 19.Ne5, White maintains the Initiative, by increasing Black's Cramped Position, with his Knight being posted onto the e5-Outpost (19.Nf3-e5), supported by White's Isolated d4-Pawn.

White's Ne5 also Blockades Black's e6-Pawn, which helps to defend White's Isolated d4-Pawn.
Return to the Summary, Entry 3
Initiative 2
Point Count Chess - IE - Diagram 77 - (RESULT) The Isolated Pawn, The Role of the Initiative (2 of 2), After 21.Qc5 and 24.Qc7
(RESULT) The Isolated Pawn,
The Role of the Initiative (2 of 2),
After 21.Qc5 & 24.Qc7
After 21.Qc5 & 24.Qc7, White maintains the Initiative, by twice attacking Black's Queen, with his own Queen (21.Qc2-c5 » 24.Qc5-c7), inviting Black to exchange Queens off the board.

With Black's Queen removed, it would enhance White's Isolated d4-Pawn, with its superior 4th v. 3rd advantage against Black's e6-Pawn.
Return to the Summary, Entry 3
Initiative 3
Point Count Chess - IE - Diagram 77 - (RESULT) The Isolated Pawn, The Role of the Initiative (2 of 2), After 24...Rec8 to 26.Rxc8+
(RESULT) The Isolated Pawn,
The Role of the Initiative (2 of 2),
After 24...Rec8 to 26.Rxc8+
After 24...Rec8 to 26.Rxc8+, White maintains the Initiative, by sacrificing his Queen to exchange BOTH Black Rooks off the board (24...Re8-c8 25.Qc7xc8+ Rb8xc8), which is completed by White's Rc1 (26.Rc1xc8+), attacking Black's King, in the process.

This leads instantly into White's next tactical threat ...
Return to the Summary, Entry 3
Initiative 4
Point Count Chess - IE - Diagram 77 - (RESULT) The Isolated Pawn, The Role of the Initiative (2 of 2), After 26...Be8
(RESULT) The Isolated Pawn,
The Role of the Initiative (2 of 2),
After 26...Be8
After 26...Be8, White maintains the Initiative, as Black's light-Bishop is forced to Pin itself, to block the Check on its King (26...Bb5-e8).
Return to the Summary, Entry 3
Initiative 5
Point Count Chess - IE - Diagram 77 - (RESULT) The Isolated Pawn, The Role of the Initiative (2 of 2), After 27.b4 to 28...bxa5
(RESULT) The Isolated Pawn,
The Role of the Initiative (2 of 2),
After 27.b4 to 28...bxa5
After 27.b4 to 28...bxa5, White maintains the Initiative, by forcing Black to exchange Pawns onto the a-file (27.b3-b4 a6-a5 28.b4xa5 b6xa5).

Not only does this take care of the potential threat of Black forcing through a Passed Pawn, it Opens the b-file, for the benefit of White's other Rook (Rd1).
Return to the Summary, Entry 3
Initiative 6
Point Count Chess - IE - Diagram 77 - (RESULT) The Isolated Pawn, The Role of the Initiative (2 of 2), After 30.Bc6
(RESULT) The Isolated Pawn,
The Role of the Initiative (2 of 2),
After 30.Bc6
After 30.Bc6, White maintains the Initiative, by attacking Black's light-Bishop, with his own (30.Bf3-c6), threatening an exchange to further Simplify the position, for the benefit of White's army.
Return to the Summary, Entry 3
Initiative 7
Point Count Chess - IE - Diagram 77 - (RESULT) The Isolated Pawn, The Role of the Initiative (2 of 2), After 31.Rb1
(RESULT) The Isolated Pawn,
The Role of the Initiative (2 of 2),
After 31.Rb1
After 31.Rb1, White maintains the Initiative, by bringing his Rook to the Open b-file (31.Rd1-b1), with a threat to get the Rook onto the 7th Rank, attacking Black's exposed King (Ke7).
Return to the Summary, Entry 3
Point Count Chess - IE - Diagram 77 - (RESULT) The Isolated Pawn, The Role of the Initiative (2 of 2), After 31...Qxd4
(RESULT) The Isolated Pawn,
The Role of the Initiative (2 of 2),
After 31...Qxd4
After 31...Qxd4, White's Isolated d4-Pawn is captured by Black's Queen (31...Qd6xd4).

From here, White's attacks are focussed on Black's exposed King, which is forced over to the Queenside, depriving it of support, which leads to Black's resignation.

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Summary of the Role of the Initiative (2 of 2)...

  1. White's e-Pawn becomes the Isolated Pawn, on the d-file. First, there's the familiar tension between Black's d-Pawn (1...d7-d5) and White's c-Pawn (2.c2-c4). White's e-Pawn (5.e2-e3) supports the d-Pawn (1.d2-d4). Black's d5-Pawn breaks the tension to exchange Pawns on c4 (10...d5xc4), with the trade being completed by White's light-Bishop (11.Bf1xc4). White forms a Battery on the c-file, with his Rook sliding behind its Queen (17.Rd1-c1), in anticipation of the c-file becoming Open. Black's c-Pawn then captures White's d4-Pawn (17...c5xd4), causing White's e-Pawn to become the Isolated Pawn, as it completes the Pawn exchange, on d4 (18.e3xd4).

  2. White's Superior Development strengthens White's Isolated Pawn:


  3. White maintains the Initiative, to ensure success, despite having incurred his Isolated Pawn:

    • Initiative 1, increasing Black's Cramped Position, with his Knight being posted onto the e5-Outpost, supported by White's Isolated d4-Pawn.

    • Initiative 2, twice attacking Black's Queen, with his own Queen, inviting Black to exchange Queens off the board.

    • Initiative 3, sacrificing his Queen to exchange BOTH Black Rooks off the board, which is completed by White's Rc1, attacking Black's King, in the process.

    • Initiative 4, due to White's Rc8, Black's light-Bishop is forced to Pin itself, to block the Check on its King.

    • Initiative 5, forcing Black to exchange Pawns onto the a-file.

    • Initiative 6, attacking Black's light-Bishop, with his own, threatening an exchange to further Simplify the position, for the benefit of White's army.

    • Initiative 7, bringing his Rook to the Open b-file, with a threat to get the Rook onto the 7th Rank, attacking Black's exposed King (Ke7).

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PGN

[Event "Noordwijk"]
[Site "Noordwijk"]
[Date "1938.??.??"]
[EventDate "?"]
[Round "?"]
[Result "1-0"]
[White "Erich Eliskases"]
[Black "Salo Landau"]
[ECO "D61"]
[WhiteElo "?"]
[BlackElo "?"]
[PlyCount "83"]

1. d4 d5 2. c4 e6 3. Nc3 Nf6 4. Bg5 Be7 5. e3 O-O 6. Nf3 Nbd7 7. Qc2 c6 8. Rd1 a6 9. a3 Re8 10. Bd3 dxc4 11. Bxc4 Nd5 12. Bxe7 Qxe7 13. Ne4 N5f6 14. Bd3 Nxe4 15. Bxe4 h6 16. O-O c5 17. Rc1 cxd4 18. exd4 Nf6 19. Ne5 Rb8 20. Bf3 Bd7 {PCC p.111 No.77} 21. Qc5 Bb5 22. Rfd1 Kf8 23. b3 b6 24. Qc7 Rec8 25. Qxc8+ Rxc8 26. Rxc8+ Be8 27. b4 a5 28. bxa5 bxa5 29. a4 Qd6 30. Bc6 Ke7 31. Rb1 Qxd4 32. Bxe8 Qe4 33. Nc6+ Kd6 34. Rd1+ Nd5 35. Rd8+ Kc5 36. Rc1+ Kb6 37. Nb8 Nc3 38. Rd6+ Ka7 39. Nc6+ Kb6 40. Ne7+ Ka7 41. Rd7+ Ka6 42. Nc8 1-0

End.

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