Doubled Pawns
Doubling Away from the Center (1 of 2)
Point Count Chess, NO.100, p69
Alekhine v. Lasker, 1924
This example (No.69) is one of two (No.70, being the other) that tries to help a player determine whether it's okay (or not) to allow a center pawn (d or ePawns) to become Doubled upon the bishop file (c or f, respectively).
H&MS point out that it's a tricky situation, saying: "Even a world champion can go astray here!"
Doubling Away from the Center (1 of 2)
My Analysis
Position #1, My Analysis
PCC, p.100 No.69, after 7...Nh5
After: 1.d4 d5 2.c4 e6 3.Nf3 Nf6 4.Nc3 Nbd7 5.cxd5 exd5 6.Bf4 c6 7. e3 Nh5
1. How White's ePawn become Doubled, on the ffile.
Doubled Pawns,
Doubling Away from the Center (1 of 2), After 1.d4 to 2...e6 
After 1.d4 to 2...e6, Black plays the Queen's Gambit Declined, as he declines the
opportunity to capture White's c4Pawn (2.c2c4), to develop
his ePawn (2...e7e6) into the Chain (f7,e6,d5).

Doubled Pawns,
Doubling Away from the Center (1 of 2), After 3.Nf3 to 5...exd5 
After 3.Nf3 to 5...exd5, a bit of further development (3.Ng1f3 Ng8f6 4.Nb1c3 Nb8d7),
the tension between c4 and d5 is broken, as White forces an exchange of Pawns (5.c4xd5 e6xd5), to leave White with a 2v1 Pawn Majority, in the Center.

Doubled Pawns,
Doubling Away from the Center (1 of 2), After 6.Bf4 
After 6.Bf4, White develops his darkBishop to the King Bishop File (6.Bc1f4).
In a few moves from now, White's Bf4 will be part of an exchange by Black, that will force White to form Doubled Pawns, on the ffile. 
Doubled Pawns,
Doubling Away from the Center (1 of 2), After 7.e3 
After 7.e3, White develops his ePawn (7.e2e3), so it now defends both the
d4Pawn, but crucially the Bf4 (which will become apparent, when White is forced to incur Doubled Pawns).
Not only is White's e3Pawn in a Backward position, it has given Black the advantage of Pawn on the 4th Rank vs. Pawn on the 3rd Rank. 
Doubled Pawns,
Doubling Away from the Center (1 of 2), After 7...Nh5 
After 7...Nh5, Black's King Knight moves out to the King Rook File (7...Nf6h5),
to attack White's Bf4.

Doubled Pawns,
Doubling Away from the Center (1 of 2), After 8...Nxf4 9.exf4 
After 8...Nxf4 9.exf4, White incurs Doubled Pawns on the ffile (the King Bishop File),
as Black follows up the Knight attack on White's Bf4, by capturing it (8...Nh5xf4), to force an exchange on f4.
As White's e3Pawn completes the trade (9.e3xf4), it forms the Doubled Pawn structure, on the ffile. If it hadn't captured, White's Nf4 could have removed White's g2Pawn, blasting open the gfile, for invasion into White camp, on the Kingside  precisely where White intends to Castle his King. 
Alternatively, White's Nf4 could have takeout White's Bd3, to complete the removal of BOTH White Bishops.
The Result of Doubling Away from the Center (1 of 2)...
(RESULT) Doubled Pawns,
Doubling Away from the Center (1 of 2), After 9.exf4 
(RESULT) Doubled Pawns,
Doubling Away from the Center (1 of 2), After 9...Bd6 10.g3 
After 9...Bd6 10.g3, Black prepares for Castling his King off the Open efile, by developing his King Bishop (8...Bf8d6).
This is important, as Black's darkBishop, lurking on the b8h2 diagonal, plays a significant role in forcing White's resignation, a bit later on. Meanwhile, for White, prior to Castling Kingside, he pushes his gPawn (10.g2g3), so it supports the leading Doubled fPawn (f4). 
(RESULT) Doubled Pawns,
Doubling Away from the Center (1 of 2), After 10...OO 11.OO 
After 10...OO 11.OO, both sides get their Kings off the Open efile, and Castled to the Kingside.

(RESULT) Doubled Pawns,
Doubling Away from the Center (1 of 2), After 11...Re8 
After 11...Re8, Black is first to control the Open efile, with his King Rook (11...Rf8e8).
If White hadn't needed to spend that move supporting
his f4Pawn (10.g2g3), White would have been able to beat Black
to occupying the Open efile, with his King Rook.
Black has a key positional advantage, and his Kingside Pawns still remain unmoved, protecting their King in his Stronghold. 
(RESULT) Doubled Pawns,
Doubling Away from the Center (1 of 2), After 12.Qc2 to 25.h3 
After 12.Qc2 to 25.h3, White has been compelled to advance all three available Kingside
Pawns (19.g3g4 » 22.f4f5 » 25.h2h3), to defend his King's position.
Note how Black has retained his darkBishop on the b8h2 diagonal, but has now also incorporated his Queen (22...Qd8d6) into Battery formation, concentrated on the h2square. In addition, White has also posted his King Rook onto the Open efile (24.Rf1e1), to challenge Black's Re8, at the other end. 
(RESULT) Doubled Pawns,
Doubling Away from the Center (1 of 2), After 26.Rxe8+ to 27.Qc1 
After 26.Rxe8+ to 27.Qc1, White forces an exchange of the Rooks on the Open efile (26.Re1xe8+ Rc8xe8), and then uses his remaining Rook to attack Black's Rook on the Open efile (27.Ra1e1).
But, Black's Rook turns defence into attack, counterattacking White's Qb2 (27...Re8b8) on the Open bfile, which flees to the back rank (28.Qb2c1), leaving White's Isolated a2Pawn unprotected. 
(RESULT) Doubled Pawns,
Doubling Away from the Center (1 of 2), After 28...Ng5 29.Ne5 
After 28...Ng5 29.Ne5, both sides post their Knights to available Outposts (28...Nh7g5 29.Nf3e5), tempting the other to attack or capture their Knight.

(RESULT) Doubled Pawns,
Doubling Away from the Center (1 of 2), After 29...fxe5 30.Qxg5 e4 
After 29...fxe5 30.Qxg5 e4, Black manages to get his f6Pawn onto the Open efile, and then to
the vanguard of Black's Advanced Chain (c6,d5,e4), to increase
the weakness of White's f2Pawn, which is both Doubled and in
a Backward position.
Black's fPawn captures first (29.f6xe5), causing White's Queen to pounce on Black's Kg5 (30.Qc1xg5). Black then advances his replacement ePawn (30...e5e4), forming the Advanced Chain. 
(RESULT) Doubled Pawns,
Doubling Away from the Center (1 of 2), After 32.f4 hxg4 
After 32.f4 hxg4, Black's e4Pawn becomes a Protected Passed Pawn, at the head
of its Advanced Chain, as White chooses to push his Backward f2Pawn two squares forward (32.f2f4), perhaps tempting
White's e4Pawn to capture En Passant.
Black ignores that En Passant, keeping his Protected Passed Pawn on e4, and instead takingout White's g4Pawn, with his hPawn (32...h5xg4), so it now attacks White's h3Pawn. 
(RESULT) Doubled Pawns,
Doubling Away from the Center (1 of 2), After 33.Be2 gxh3 
After 33.Be2 gxh3, Black's former hPawn returns to the hfile, as a Passed Pawn,
in an even more Advanced position.
The attack on Black's g4Pawn, with his lightBishop (33.Bd3e2), only serves to allow Black's g4Pawn to return to the hfile, in an even more Advanced position, as it captures White's h3Pawn (33...g4xh3). 
(RESULT) Doubled Pawns,
Doubling Away from the Center (1 of 2), After 34.Bh5 Rb2 35.Nh4 
After 34.Bh5 Rb2 35.Nh4, White tries to take advantage of Black's Pinned g6Pawn, by applying pressure with his lightBishop (34.Be2h5).
However, Black ignores this threat, to get his remaining Rook onto the 7th Rank (34...Rb8b2), attacking White's Ng2 for a second time, which flees to h4 (35.Ng2h4). 
(RESULT) Doubled Pawns,
Doubling Away from the Center (1 of 2), After 35...Qxf4 36.Qxf4 Bxf4 
After 35...Qxf4 36.Qxf4 Bxf4, Black ends White's Doubled Pawn misery, to trade Queens off the
board (35...Qd6xf4 36.Qg5xf4 Bc7xf4).
With Black's Rb2 and Bf4 poised to help either Passed Pawn (h3) or Protected Passed Pawn (e4) gain Promotion, White resigns. 
So, in this case, in Doubling Away from the Center (9.e3xf4), White's Doubled Pawns on the ffile (King Bishop File), turned out to be a gamelosing position.
Summary of Doubling Away from the Center (1 of 2)...
PGN