Hanging Pawns:
Part of the Advanced Beginner's Chess Guide (Section 1) and the
Chess Strategies Guide (Section 2: Studying the Pawns)

# Hanging PawnsPoint Count Chess: [-]

Point Count Chess, Examples
Hanging Pawns

 PCC, Hanging Pawns. Example #1 (p114) Diagram NO.80A to NO.80B Zukertort v. Taubenhaus, 1887 Hanging Pawns Determining whether a 4th Rank Phalanx is Hanging or not means looking to see whether the Pawns can defend themselves by forming into a Chain. In this example, Black incurs Hanging Pawns, on the c- & d-files. White focuses on attacking the Black units trying to defend the respective Hanging Pawns, before capturing the least-defended of the Hanging Pawns, which leaves the remaining one as a weak Isolani.
 PCC, Hanging Pawns. Example #2 Shaky Center Pawns (p118) Diagram NO.83 Kevitz v. Kotov, 1955 Shaky Center Pawns In this example, White's 3-Pawn Phalanx (c4-, d4- & e4-Pawns) are considered to be Hanging Pawns, by H&M-S. Important: Despite White's 4th Rank Phalanx not being Isolated, as per H&M-S's standard definition of Hanging Pawns, in this example (No.83), H&M-S still consider White's 3-Pawn Phalanx on the 4th Rank, to be Hanging Pawns, as they've become Overextended to the point where they cannot advance safely, when under frontal attack. Includes Additional Analysis, revealing H&M-S's remedy for Shaky, Hanging Pawns, in the Center.
 PCC, Hanging Pawns. Example #3 Inviting Pawn Advances (1 of 2) (p119-120) Diagram NO.84A to NO.84B Jackson v. Denker, 1935 Inviting Pawn Advances (1 of 2) In this example, Black uses his King Knight to invite White to advance his e-, c- & d-Pawns (in that order) into a position where H&M-S consider them to be Hanging Pawns, despite them not being Isolated (similar to No.83). This example reveals two different outcomes, both in Black's favor: White loses a Pawn; or, Black gains a Positional Advantage.
 PCC, Hanging Pawns. Example #3 Inviting Pawn Advances (2 of 2) (p119-121) Diagram NO.84A & NO.84C Lessing v. Denker, 1938 Inviting Pawn Advances (2 of 2) See No.84A (1 of 2) for full details of how Black invited White to advance his Pawns, until they became Hanging Pawns. In No.84B (1 of 2), White tried to play his way out of trouble by not capturing Black's d6-Pawn, which had come out to attack White's Advanced e5-Pawn. This example (No.84C) shows how White risks incurring an Isolated d-Pawn, or having to make a "premature advance" of his c-Pawn, to c5, if he does try to capture Black's d6-Pawn, with his Advanced e5-Pawn.
 PCC, Hanging Pawns. Example #4 Criteria (for Hanging Pawns) (p122) Diagram NO.85 Bisguier v. Szabo, 1955 Criteria (for Hanging Pawns) This example shows White's 4th Rank Phalanx that aren't Isolated and that doesn't Hang, because of White's ability to defend it, coupled with Black's inability to attack it (without disadvantage). White's 4th Rank Phalanx also serves to Cramp Black's development, making it a strong formation, rather than a weak one. Includes a side-by-side Comparison of No.85 (4th Rank Phalanx that doesn't Hang) and the other examples (Hanging Pawns).