[ Chess Tactics And Strategies ]
Chess Tactics And Strategies
You're after Chess Tactics, but you also want to explore Chess Strategies, as well, which is a good idea.
On this website, you'll find both Tactics and Strategies, which you can learn to incorporate into your own games.
Tactics and Strategies are often confused, but they are different and they both serve specific purposes ...
Chess Tactics And Strategies: "Tactics"
Tactics are to be used to take advantage of short-term opportunites, unique to a given position on the Board.
15 Tactics you'll be able to learn about, include:
- Battery Attack
Batteries are formed on the straights (Ranks and/or Files) by the Queen and one or both Rooks; or, they can be formed on the diagonals by the Queen and a Bishop.
In the same way you build up power, with a common household battery, by adding more battery cells; you build up the power of a Chess Battery, by adding more units - e.g. one Queen + 2 Rooks, lined up on a single File; or, if you get that far, 2 Queens and a Bishop, along a diagonal.
This is a defensive Tactic, mostly used to protect your King that's just been put in "Check" ... You simply move a Pawn - or a Piece, as a 'last resort' - inbetween the attacker and your King.
This is a special kind of sacrifice, often referred to as a "Clearance Sacrifice ". Basically, if one of your Pawns or Pieces is preventing you from gaining a better position, and you cannot relocate that unit, you allow it to be captured, to serve your plan.
You want to get one of your Pieces onto a critical square, but said square is currently being guarded by an enemy unit ... You move another Pawn or Piece - the Decoy - to distract attention from your main target. You hope to 'coax' the enemy away from its current position, to allow your Piece to get to the aforementioned 'critical square'.
Here, you're trying to 'Deflect' an enemy unit away from guarding a specific either another of its allies, or a specific square.
- Discovered Attack
This can be a devastatingly effective tactic, for capturing material. You have two units which take part in the attack. The one infront moves to attack another Pawn or Piece and, in the process, the rearward Piece is uncovered - or, 'Dis-covered' - to reveal an attack on a different enemy target ... Your opponent must choose which to rescue and which to leave to your gain.
- Discovered Check
Similar to the Discovered Attack, only one of the enemy units you attack is their King. With a Discovered Check, your real target is usually the capture of the other enemy Pawn/Piece.
- Fork Attack
Also known as a 'Double Attack', this is where one of your units attacks two (or more) enemy units in a single move. Depending whether it's "Relative" or "Absolute", your opponent will be forced to decide which to rescue - you get to capture the other one.
- Intermezzo / Zwischenzug
Also known as an "Intermediate Move" ... Basically, you play a certain move, before your "main, intended move", as a way to misdirect your opponent's thinking about your true intentions.
- Pin Attack
This is used to keep an enemy Pawn/Piece 'stuck' - or, Pinned - on its current square ... It works because the unit you attack is infront of a more-valuable Piece.
On the whole, you set out to avoid losing more material than you can capture of the enemy. However, there are times when it's tactically smart to deliberately lose a Pawn or Piece, in order to gain positional advantage.
- Skewer Attack
This is used to force an enemy Pawn/Piece to 'clear off' its current square ... It works because the unit you attack is more-valuable to your opponent's army, than the Pawn/Piece sitting directly behind.
While you should focus your main energies on properly developing your army, you can set about "laying Traps" for your enemy to fall into ... Every Trap needs some sort of BAIT, so setting one will also involve a
- Windmill Attack
This is a very rare Tactic, as the conditions that make it work seldomly come about ... However, if the position allows, you'll be able to pick off enemy material in quick succession, with your opponent helpless to prevent.
- X-Ray Attack
There are 3 types of X-Ray Attack. Two can be used Offensively; the other can be used to Defend your own material. They don't directly threaten the enemy, it's more of an 'implied' threat; a warning: "I can see your Pawn/Piece through this unit ... If it goes, your Pawn/Piece is bang in trouble".
Chess Tactics And Strategies: "Strategies"
Strategies are like mini plans or blueprints, for how you intend to control your army and deal with the battle to come.
The following Strategies come from the vast Chess-playing experience of Grandmaster Yasser Seirawan. Because they need more thought, to understand, than Tactics, I've just listed them, here.
- Making the Most of a Material Advantage.
- Stopping Enemy Counterplay.
- Understanding Where the Pieces Go.
- Superior Minor Pieces.
- How to Use Pawns.
- The Creation of Targets.
- Territorial Domination.
- Attacking the King.
Learning both Chess Tactics and Strategies will help to improve your game; you'll learn how to position your army, for greater impact and how to deal with unique threats and opportunites, as they arise.