Chess Sacrifices Guide, Sacrifice to Avoid Losing, Example:
Part of the Chess Tactics Guide
Chess Tactics Guide
Chess Sacrifices Guide
[Sacrifice to Avoid Losing, Example]
The Sacrifice to Avoid Losing: Actually, there are TWO Sacrifices (yellow squares) ...
First, White's Qf8-b8+, resulting in ...Kxb8.
Second, White's Rc7-c8+, resulting in ...Kxc8.
this only comes about following the Black Queen's rash capture, from ...Qb5xb3. That move puts White's Ka1 in a Stalemate situation
, not in check on its current square, but unable to move to any adjacent square (as shown by the yellow arrows from Black's three Pieces).
White spots the opportunity to sacrifice BOTH Rc7 and Qf8, to Black's King (red square), knowing that a Draw will be secured, by Stalemate, as none of White's remaining Pawns are able to move, leaving just the King, which CAN'T legally move
, thus, game ends in Stalemate.
[Event "Sacrifice to Avoid Losing, Example"]
[FEN "5Q2/kpR5/8/pq1p2p1/P1nP2P1/1PP5/3r4/K7 b - - 0 0"]
1... Qxb3 2. Qb8+ Kxb8 3. Rc8+ Kxc8 1/2-1/2
This final example shows White in a precarious position and in real danger of Losing ...
However, this shows that it's possible to Sacrifice
pieces in order to Avoid Losing
Sure, you don't Win - but you'll manage to salvage ½ a point by securing a Draw by Stalemate
This sequence starts with Black to move ...
Move 1, Black's Queen captures (x) White's Pawn, on b3.
Now, take a good look at White's King ...
It's NOT in Check, on its a1
However, it IS in a Stalemate
situation, as it CANNOT move to either a2
, because of Black's Queen.
BUT, because White has pieces that can be moved - his Rook and Queen, respectively - the game is not over ... Yet.
Black is one Queen-step away from Winning by Checkmate, from b2
. However, rather fortunately, for White
, it's not Black's turn!
What's more, White has a jammy opportunity to salvage a Draw, by forcing Black to capture his only-movable pieces.
Here's how this situation pans out ...
Move 2, White makes the first of two Chess Sacrifices, by sending his Queen to b8, where it puts Black's King in "Check" (+) ...
Black's King captures (x) White's threatening Queen, on b8.
Move 3, White makes the second of the two Chess Sacrifices, by playing his Rook onto c8, where it also threatens Black's King, with "Check" ...
Black's King cannot retreat and is Forced to capture (x) White's Rook, on c8.
White only has Pawns and a King left of the Board and, because the Pawns are stuck, unable to advance ...
And, because White's King will be in "Check" if it moves to any other square.
The game ends in Stalemate - a Draw, with each player sharing one point (½-½).
It's fair to say, White would be the more-satisfied player, having played the two Chess Sacrifices to Avoid Losing the game.