Chess Opening

A Chess Opening sequence is started by whichever player is attacking with the White pieces.

First Of 3 Stages

The Opening is the first of three notable stages of a game of Chess, followed by the Middlegame and Endgame, respectively.

Chess Glossary - Chess Opening - CastlingThe objective of the Opening stage is to develop your pieces for both the defence of your King and for the mobility of your major and minor pieces to be able to react quickly to potential attacking opportunities.

One of the most effective strategies for defending your King, is to take advantage of Castling - this is where the King will quickly swap places with the Rook. This makes sense, as the Rook is less effective when stuck in the corner.

End Of The Opening Stage

Chess Glossary - Chess Opening - End Of OpeningThere can sometimes be a difference of opinion, as to when the Opening stage ends and the Middlegame stage begins.

However, as a rough guide, the Opening stage can be said to have finished when all the major and minor pieces have been developed and, usually, when the King has been Castled to safety.

Textbook Chess Opening

Chess Glossary - Chess Opening - The Ruy LopezThroughout the centuries that the game of Chess has been played and studied, certain Opening sequences have offered more success than others.

The titles given to these popular Openings is in reference to either:

Textbook Openings Don't
Always Go To Plan

Having these documented, 'textbook' Openings is good to a point, but it's not wise to try and rely on a single sequence.

History cannot account for the uninformed novice Chess player, who seemingly moves their pieces at random and goes on quick, suicide missions to immediately capture your pieces, through lack of a proper development plan.

On the flip side, you may have studied a particular Chess Opening, say, The Ruy Lopez and be all set to play for that opening, with a first move of your King's Pawn to e4, only to be up against an experienced player who prefers to counter with The Sicilian Defence and progress otherwise ...

Just like in this clip, played against Fritz:

On Move 3, if Black (Fritz) had been allowing The Ruy Lopez to develop with the 'textbook' moves, instead of challenging my Bishop with Black's Queen's Bishop, my Bishop would have been threatened by the a-file Pawn, from a6.

So, Now What Do You Do?

It's probably best to play a few games, using a computer chess program, such as Chess Titans, (if you have Windows Vista), WinBoard or Fritz 12, and attempt each of the Opening sequences, to get experience of what may alternatively happen.

Then, you can begin to learn how to adapt and quickly re-adjust your plans, so you can continue to develop strongly, towards the Middlegame.

To Learn A Popular, Textbook Chess Opening, Click Here
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