The Backward Pawn:
Part of the Advanced Beginner's Chess Guide (Section 1) and the
Chess Strategies Guide (Section 2: Studying the Pawns)

# The Backward PawnPoint Count Chess: [-]

Point Count Chess, Examples
The Backward Pawn

 PCC, The Backward Pawn. Example #1 The Queen Bishop Pawn in the Queen's Gambit (p83-84) Diagram NO.53A to NO.53B Capablanca v. Teichmann, 1913 The Queen Bishop Pawn in the Queen's Gambit Black's c-Pawn becomes the Backward Pawn, when trying to defend his Pinned Nf6, with the Nd7, and when trying to create space for his light-Bishop (Bc8), with the advance of the b-Pawn. Black faces a dilemma: (A) keep the Backward c-Pawn and endure the Cramp it's causing within Black's Queenside position. (B) Get rid of the Backward c-Pawn, by advancing it to c5, which, in part, causes Black's d5-Pawn to become Isolated.
 PCC, The Backward Pawn. Example #2 The King Pawn in a Classical King-Side Attack (p85-86) Diagram NO.55A to NO.55B Capablanca v. Blanco, 1913 The King Pawn in a Classical King-Side Attack Black's e-Pawn becomes the Backward Pawn, in the French Defence, after the exchange his d-Pawn on e4, leaves Black's e6-Pawn reliant on the f-Pawn, for Pawn support. White exploits this, by threatening an attack on Black's King, with his light-Bishop (Bd3) and Queen (Qh3); they combine to force Black to move the f-Pawn, to f5, to increase defenses along the b1-h7 diagonal. However, that causes Black's e6-Pawn to become Backward, and White's focus switches to applying pressure to it, before capturing that weak, Black e-Pawn.
 PCC, The Backward Pawn. Example #3 The Queen Pawn in the Sicilian Defense (p88-89) Diagram NO.58A to NO.58B Example Sequence0 The Queen Pawn in the Sicilian Defense Black's d-Pawn becomes the Backward Pawn, in a variation of the Sicilian Defence. Early on, in the opening, Black gains a Half-Open c-file, and a 2-v-1 Pawn advantage in the Center. White is able to exploit a vulnerability around Black's e7-Pawn, to force Black to put his d-Pawn into a Backward position.