Advantage Detection Guide:
Part of the Beginner's Chess Guide (Section 3)
The way the Point Count system works is each Pawn and Piece is given a numerical value ...
While some will argue slightly differing values, the following is the most-widely accepted system:
You'll notice the King is missing from the list ... The short answer is that Kings are "invaluable" - you simply cannot continue or play a game of Chess without both Kings (as there'd be nothing to Checkmate; so, there'd be no game to Win!).
The upshot is, we just count the points of the Pawns and Pieces.
So then, collectively, each army is worth a total of 39 Points:
Let's say White loses a Knight (3), while Black hasn't lost any material at all ... The total Point Count will now be:
Black would, therefore, have a Material Advantage, worth 3 Points, over White.
Now, let's say White manages to capture Black's Queen, but loses a Pawn (1) and Bishop (3), in the process:
And, suddenly, in terms of Point Count, White has a lead of 2, over Black - therefore, it's White who now holds the Advantage, here.
Moving On: Space Count (Page 8).
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